Mobile View
Main Search Forums Advanced Search Disclaimer
Cites 8 docs - [View All]
Article 14 in The Constitution Of India 1949
P.K. Ramachandra Iyer & Ors vs Union Of India & Ors on 16 December, 1983
The Societies Registration Act, 1860
Section 19 in The Societies Registration Act, 1860
Article 32 in The Constitution Of India 1949
Citedby 30 docs - [View All]
R.P. Hrishikeshan Nair vs Union Of India Represented By on 14 November, 2008
R.P. Hrishikeshan Nair vs Union Of India Represented By on 14 November, 2008
R.P. Hrishikeshan Nair vs Union Of India Represented By on 14 November, 2008
R.P. Hrishikeshan Nair vs Union Of India Represented By on 14 November, 2008
P. Govindarajan vs R.A. Seetharam Das, ... on 6 March, 1995

User Queries
Supreme Court of India
Dr. S.M. Ilyas And Ors vs Indian Council Of Agricultural ... on 13 November, 1992
Bench: [ K Cj., K A N.M.

PETITIONER:

DR. S.M. ILYAS AND ORS.

Vs.

RESPONDENT:

INDIAN COUNCIL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND ORS.

DATE OF JUDGMENT13/11/1992

BENCH:

[M.H. KANIA CJ., N.M. KASLIWAL AND K. RAMASWAMY, JJ.]

ACT:

Civil Services:

ICAR-Scientists-S2 and S3 grades-Fixation of pay scales. Constitution of India, 1950:

Article 14- I.C.A.R.-Scientist-Pay scales-Revision-Disparity in revised pay scale-Prescribing lower pay scale to senior scientists than their junior counterpart-Held not justified.

HEADNOTE:

The Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, a Society established under the Societies Registration Act in the year 1929 was redesignated as the Indian Council of Agricultural Research after the advent of Independence. Till 1965, the ICAR was largely functioning as a coordinating agency and apex body for financing research projects, but with effect from 1966 the administrative control over the Indian Agriculture Research Institute (IARI) and other such Institutes were transferred to ICAR, simultaneously placing the staff of such Institutes at the disposal of the ICAR A department of Agricultural Research and Education was set up in the Ministry of Agriculture and the said department came into existence on 15.12.1973. The ICAR was fully financed by the Department of Agricultural Research and Education of the Government of India.

ICAR started an Agricultural Research Service with effect from 1.10.1975, and the relevant grades and pay scales as on 31.12.1985 were:

Grade of Scientist S in pay scale Rs. 550-900, Scientist S-I in Rs. 700-1300, Scientist S-2 in Rs. 1100-1600, and Scientist S-3 in Rs. 1500-2000. The Scientists of the ICAR who were earlier covered by the Third Pay Commission pay-scales had been demanding parity in pay-scales with the employees of the Agricultural Universities who were also financed by the ICAR After persistent demand, the ICAR agreed to revise the pay scales with effect from 1.1.1986 by notification dated 9th March, 1989. This notification benefited some of the Scientists, but was denying the principles of 'Equal Pay for Equal Work' in the case of the appellants and the like, and the said notification had further placed persons much junior to many of the appellants in a higher scale of pay, resulting in violation of the fundamental rights of the appellants guaranteed under Articles 14 and 16 of the Constitution. Some of the appellants in this appeal had earlier filed a Writ Petition before this Court under Article 32 challenging the aforesaid notification and for other connected reliefs, which was disposed of on 3rd May, 1990, directing the appellants to approach the Central Administrative Tribunal, and a further declaration was made that the Tribunal shall treat the petition as a Representative Petition. Certain clarifications were issued by the ICAR by its letter dated 31st March, 1989 and by orders dated 14th June, 1989, 6.11.1989 and 6.7.1989. These orders not only revised the pay scales but also gave new designations to the various posts held by the appellants.

---------------------------------------------------------- S.No. Existing Grade Existing New Revised Pay-scale designation pay-scale

----------------------------------------------------------

1. Scientist,S-2 Rs.1100-50-1600 Scientist Rs. 3000-100 with service (Senior 3500-125-5000 upto eight scale)

years.

2. Scientist,S-2 Rs.1100-50- Scientist Rs. 3700-125 with service 1600 (Selection 4950-150-5700 exceeding grade)

eight years

3. Scientist,S-3 Rs.1500-60- Scientist Rs. 3700-125 with service 1800-100-2000 (Selection 4950-150.5700. upto 16 years Grade)

4. Scientist,S-3 Rs.1500-50- Principal Rs. 4500-l50 with service 1800-100-2000 Scientist 5700-200-7300 exceeding 16

years

The appellants filed an application under Section 19 of the Administrative Tribunal's Act before the Principal Bench of the Central Administrative Tribunal, Delhi and contended that according to the notification dated 9.3.1989 together with the subsequent clarifications, juniors and less meritorious Scientists and who were drawing lesser basic pay as on 31.12.1985 than the appellants had been placed in higher pay scales causing great resentment amongst a large number of Scientists including the appellants. Not being successful before the Tribunal, the appellants appealed to this Court and contended that Scientists S-3 in pre-revised scale of Rs. 1500-2000 having completed total service in the ARS as on 31.12.1985 exceeding 16 years had been placed in the scale of Rs. 4500- 7300, whereas Scientists S-3 who were in the same pre- revised scale of Rs. 1500-2000 but had put in total service in the ARS as on 31.12.1985 upto 16 years have been placed in the scale of Rs. 3700-5700.

Similarly, Scientists S-2 who were in the pre-revised scale of Rs. 1100-1600 and had completed total service of more than 8 years in the ARS as on 31.12.1985 had been put in the scale of Rs. 3700-5700, but those having completed total service upto 8 years as on 31.12.1985 had been put in the scale of Rs. 3000-5000.

It was further submitted by the appellant that in the ICAR there were two streams for career advancement of the Scientists. The slower stream is the five yearly assessment, and the faster one is the direct selection through advertisement to various posts at All India level, and that in the direct selection, the existing Scientists can also compete with the other Scientists from non-lCAR Institutions, that the criterion of eight years of qualifying service for getting the scale of Rs. 3700-5700, and 16 years of qualifying service for getting the scale of Rs. 4500-7300 completed ignores the period of service put in the grades of S-2 or S-3 respectively, and that this clearly shows the utter disregard for merit and competence of the Scientists working on these posts of S-2 or S-3. It was also submitted that the impugned notification was not only unreasonable and discriminatory, but had resulted in grave injustice to the Scientists directly selected as Scientists S-2 and S-3 by taking into consideration the total length of service in the ARS as the only criterion thereby giving a complete go-bye to merit and competence.

The respondents opposed the appeal by contending that on persistent demand of the appellants and other scientists for giving them better pay-scales than those recommended by the Fourth Pay Commission, the Government introduced University Grant Commission pay package for them. The designations of Scientists on various grounds had been suitably amended so as to conform to their respective level of responsibility. Scientist S-2 having less than 8 years of service as on 31.12.1985 were placed in the revised scale of Rs. 3000- 5000, whereas those having more than 8 years of prescribed service as on 31.12.1985 were placed in the scale of Rs. 3700-5700. It was further contended that efforts were being made to devise means by which the affected Scientists may be able to take their chance for appointment to higher management positions.

Allowing the appeal, this Court,

HELD :1. While introducing a new scheme of pay-scales and fixing new grades of posts, some of the incumbents may have to be put to less advantageous position than others, but at the same time the granting Of new pay-scales cannot be allowed to act arbitrarily and cannot create a situation in which the juniors may become senior or vice-versa. [450- B]

2. The appellants are justified in their submission that they were also entitled to the higher pay-scale on the post of Scientists S-2 as well as S-3 specially when they were recruited on those posts much earlier to those who have now become entitled to higher pay-scales under the impugned notification. They are also right in their submission that it also mars their future chances of promotion on the higher posts. [452-A-B]

3. The appellants are Scientists who are rendering great service to the nation and no justification is found as to why the appellants or any other Scientists in ICAR placed in similar position like the appellants should be deprived the benefit of the revised pay-scales on the higher post of S-2 or S-3, in case they were appointed by direct recruitment or by selection on merit-cum-seniority on the post of Scientists S-2 or S-3 prior to those who have now become entitled to higher pay-scale under the impugned notification dated 93.1989. [453-B-C]

4. The Tribunal itself had found force and justification in grievances made by the appellants and had granted six months time to the respondents to take appropriate action. Opportunities were granted to the respondents to come with a scheme granting appropriate relief to the appellants, but they were unable to come out with any concrete proposal

or scheme redressing the grievances of the appellants. [452- H; 453-Al

5. The respondents to issue appropriate orders so that any of the appellants or the like working as Scientist S-2 or S-3 on or before 31.12.1985 earlier to anyone of the Scientists getting benefit of the revised pay-scales under the impugned notification dated 9.3.1989 also get a similar benefit of revised pay-scale of Rs. 4500-7300 in the case of S-3 and pay-scale of Rs. 3700-5700 in the case of S-2. Such revised pay-scales shall a be given from 1.1.1986 as given to S-2 and S-3 Scientists under the impugned notification. Suitable action in this regard to be taken and the entire amount to be paid within six months. [453-D-E] P.K Iyer & Ors. v. Union of India & Ors., [1984] 2 SCR 200, referred to.

JUDGMENT:

CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION: Civil Appeal No. 2736 of 1991.

From the Judgment and Order dated 5.10.1990 of the Central Administrative Tribunal, New Delhi in O.A. No. 1510 of 1990.

M.K. Ramamurthy, Raj Kumar Mehta and Ms. Mona Chakraborty for the Appellants.

R.K. Jain, Arun Jaitley, Mahesh Srivastava, Vishnu Mathur, A.K. Sikri and Ms. Madhu Sikri for the Respondents. The Judgment of the Court was delivered by KASLIWAL, J. The appellants who are Scientists working in various Institutes under Indian Council of Agricultural Research (in short 'ICAR') throughout the country have filed this appeal against the order of the Central Administrative Tribunal, New Delhi dated 5.10.1990. Some of the appellants had filed a Writ Petition No. 550 of 1990 before this Court under Article 32 of the Constitution challenging the notification issued by the ICAR dated 9.3.1989 and for other connected reliefs. This Court disposed of the said Writ Petition by order dated 3.5.1990 in the following manner: "The main relief which the

petitioners ask for in this writ

petition is about revision of pay-

scale and other connected service

benefits. When we suggested to

learned counsel that the matter

should go before the Central

Administrative Tribunal, he has

indicated certain difficulties

which are like the officers being

spread-over in different parts of

the country and the difficulty in

coordinating the cases for

disposal, in case they are required

to go before the Tribunal and the

fact that there may be inordinate

delay in disposal and in obtaining

the relief. We are of the view that

the matter can be appropriately

considered by the Tribunal for

overcoming the difficulties

indicated by Mr. Sanghi, we direct

the Central Administrative Tribunal

to treat the petition that is going

to be filed at the Principal Bench

at Delhi as the representative

petition and dispose of the same

within six months from the date it

is filed. This petition is allowed

to be withdrawn."

In pursuance to the above order dated 3.5.1990 some of the appellants filed an application No. 1510 of 1990 under Section 19 of the Administrative Tribunals Act before the Central Administrative Tribunal, Principal Bench, Delhi. The Tribunal treated the aforesaid application as having been filed in representative capacity of S-2 and S-3 Officers of the ICAR, pursuant to the directions of the Supreme Court in its order dated 3.5.1990.

In order to appreciate the controversy, we shall state the facts in brief. The Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, a Society established under the Societies Registration Act in the year 1929 was redesignated as the Indian Council of Agricultural Research after the advent of independence. Till 1965, the ICAR was largely functioning as a coordinating agency and apex body for financing research project. With effect from 1966, administrative control over the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) and other such Institutes was transferred to ICAR simultaneously placing the staff of such Institutes at the disposal of the ICAR. A department of Agricultural Research and Education was set up in the Ministry of Agriculture and the said department came into existence on 15.12.1973. The ICAR is fully financed by the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperation, Government of India. ICAR follows the rules of Government of India Mutatis Mutandis. The ICAR has been held to be `State' within the meaning Article 12 of the Constitution as per the judgement of this Court in the case of P.K. Iyer & Others v. Union of Indian & Others, reported in [1984] 2 SCR 200.

The ICAR started an Agricultural Research Service (in short 'ARS') with effect from 1.10.1975 and the relevant grades and pay-scales as on - 31.12.1985 are given as under :

"Grades Pay-scales

Scientist S Rs. 550-990

Scientist S-1 Rs. 700-1300

Scientist S-2 Rs. 1100-1600

Scientist S-3 Rs. 1500-2000"

The Scientists of the ICAR who were earlier covered by the Third Pay Commission pay-scales had been demanding parity in pay-scales with the employees of the Agricultural Universities who were also financed by the ICAR. After persistent demand, the ICAR agreed to revise the pay scales with effect from 1.1.1986 vide notification No.1-14/87-Per. IV dated 9th March, 1989. According to the appellants, the aforesaid notification though benefited some of the Scientists, but was denying the principle of 'Equal Pay for Equal Work' in the case of the appellants and the like and the said notification had further placed persons much junior to many of the appellants in a higher scale of pay resulting in violation of the fun damental rights of the appellants guaranteed under Article 14 and 16 of the Constitution. In order to appreciate the grievances of the appellants the pay-scales as revised by the ICAR vide the impugned notification dated 9.3.1989 are given as under : "S.No. Grade Existing New Revised pay pay-scale designation scale

1. Scientist S-2 Rs.1100-50 Scientist Rs. 3000-100- (with total ser- 1600 (Senior 3500-125-5000 vice in the scale)

ARS as on

31.12.1985

upto 8 years)

2. Scientist S-2 Rs. 1100-50 Scientist Rs. 3700-125- (with total 1600 (Selection 4950- 150-5700 service in the Grade)

ARS as on

31.12.85

exceeding 8

years)

3. Scientist S-3 Rs. 1500-60- Scientist Rs. 3700-125- (with total ser- 1800-100-2000 (Selection 4950-150-5700 vice in the Grade)

ARS as on

31.12.85 upto

16 years)

4. Scientist S-3 Rs. 1500-50- Principal Rs. 4500-150- (with total 1800-100-2000 Scientist 5700-200-7300 service in the

ARS or

equivalent

grades as on

31.12.85

exceeding 16

years)

Certain clarifications were issued to the above notification vide letter No. 1-14/87-Per. IV (Vol. III) dated 31.3.1989, order No. 1-7/89-Per. IV (Vol. III) dated 14.6.1989, order No. 1-7/89-per. IV dated 6.11.1989 (Vol. III) and order No. 1-7/89-Per. IV dated 6.7.1990. The case of the appellants is that according to the impugned notification dated 9.3.1989 together with subsequent clarifications, Scientists S-3 in pre-revised scale of Rs. 1500-2000 having completed total service in the ARS as on 31.12.1985 exceeding 16 years had been placed in the scale of Rs. 4500-7300, whereas Scientists S-3 who were in the same pre-revised scale of Rs. 1500-2000 but had put in total service in the ARS as on 31.12.1985 upto 16 years have been placed in the scale of Rs. 3700-5700. Similarly, Scientists S-2 who were in the pre-revised scale of Rs.1100-1600 and had completed total service of more than 8 years than in the ARS as on 31.12.1985 have been put in the scale of Rs. 3700-5700, but those having completed total service upto 8 years as on 31.12.1985 had been put in the scale of Rs. 3000-5000. According to the appellants, by the impugned notification dated 9.3.1989, in the guise of revision of pay-scales, altogether new grades/designations have also been created as under :- "S Grade Existing designation New designation No.

1. Scientist S-2 (with Scientist S-2 Scientist (Senior total service in Scale)

ARS as on

31.12.1985 upto 8

years)

2. Scientist S-2 (with Scientist S-2 Scientist (Selection total service in Grade)

ARS as on

31.12.1985

exceeding 8 years)

3. Scientist S-3 (with Scientist S-3 Scientist (Selection total service in Grade)

ARS as on

31.12.1985

upto 16 years)

4. Scientist S-3 (with Scientist S-3 Principal Scientist" total service in

ARS or equivalent

Grades as on

31.12.1985

exceeding 16 years)

It has been further submitted by the appellants that in the ICAR there were two streams for career advancement of the Scientists. The slower stream is the five yearly assessment and the faster one is the direct selection through advertisement to various posts at All India level. In the

direct selection, the existing Scientists can also compete with the other. Scientists from non-lCAR Institutions. The requirements for assessment and direct selection are different as illustrated below by the appellants :- "Suppose a Scientist with Ph. D

qualification joins as S-1, it will

take for him at least 11 years to

become S-3 through assessment,

whereas if he had only 7 years'

experience and good merit, he could

be directly selected as S-3. So, it

takes 4 years less for a Scientist

to become directly recruited S-3 as

compared to his counterparts who

got S-3 through assessment scheme.

This fact has been completely

ignored by the ICAR while revising

the pay-scale in which the

requirement of total length of

service was kept same for

Scientists of both the streams.

This is the reason why many of the

Scientists who were selected

directly as S-2/S-3, taking lesser

time to attain higher grades, have

been denied their due in the

impugned revision of pay scales."

It has been further submitted on behalf of the appellants that the criterion of eight years of qualifying service for getting the scale of Rs.3700-5700 and 16 years of qualifying service for getting the scale of Rs. 4500-7300 completely ignores the period of service put in the grade of S-2 or S-3 respectively. This clearly shows the utter disregard for merit and competence of the Scientists working on these posts of S-2 or S-3. The impugned notification is not only unreasonable and discriminatory, but has resulted in grave injustice to the Scientists directly selected as Scientists S-2 and S-3 by taking into consideration the total length of service in the ARS as the only criterion thereby giving a complete go-bye to merit and competence. It has been further submitted that before the issuance of the impugned notification Scientists S-2 who had put in upto 8 years service and those who had put in exceeding 8 years service had the same designation namely, Scientist S-2 and were performing the same nature of work and duties. After the impugned notification, they have been reclassified in two categories, namely Scientist (Senior-Scale) and Scientist (Selection Grade), and have been put in different pay-scales, though their nature of work and duties still continue to remain the same.

It has been similarly pointed out that prior to the issuance of the impugned notification Scientists S-3 who had put in upto 16 years of service and those having put in more than 16 years had the same designation of Scientist S-3 and their nature of work and duties were also the same. Now, by virtue of the impugned notification Scientists S-3 have been reclassified into two categories, namely, Scientist (Selection Grade) and Principal Scientist and have been given different scales of pay, though their nature of work and duties still continue to remain the same. It has thus been submitted that as a result of the impugned notification juniors and less meritorious Scientists and who were also drawing lesser basic pay as on 31.12.1985 than the appellants have been placed in higher pay-scales causing great resentment amongst a large number of Scientists including the appellants.

The appellants have further illustrated the injustice and arbirtrainess in the application of the impugned notification in the following manner :- "ILLUSTRATION- I

------------------------------------------------------------ DATE OF Scale Scale

APPOINTMENT

Class II Scien Scien Scien- as as on (Gaze- -tist -tist tist on 1.1.1986 tted) S-1 S-2 S-3 31.12.85 as per the

impugned

Notification

------------------------------------------------------------ Scientist-A 30.4.65 9.10. 1.7.76 1.1.85 Rs. Rs. Dr. G.C. 74 1500- 4500- Sharma 2000 7300

Scientist-B 1.7.76 24.3.79 6.12.79 Rs. Rs. Dr. Sheo 1500- 3700-

Raj 2000 5700

------------------------------------------------------------ It would thus be seen that although Scientist-B got the S-3 grade much before Scientist-A and both were in the same scale as on 31.12.1985, by the impugned notification Scientist-A has been given the higher scale of Rs 4500-7300 with effect from 1.1.1986 whereas Scientist-B has been put in the lower scale of Rs. 3700-5700. ILLUSTRATION-II

------------------------------------------------------------ DATE OF APPOINTMENT Scale Scale

Scientist S-1 1 Scientist 1 S-2 as on as per 31.12.85 impugned

Notification

------------------------------------------------------------ Scientist -A 1.9.76 1.7.1985 Rs. Rs. Ms. Pratibha 1100- 3700-

Shukla 1600 5700

Scientist-B - 22.7.78 Rs. Rs. Shri B.S. (joined 1100- 3000- Modi directly as S-2) 1600 5000 ---------------------------------------------------------- The above illustration would show that while Scientist-B got the S-2 grade much earlier than Scientist-A and both were in the same scale as on 31.12.1985, by the impugned notification Scientist-A has been placed in the higher scale of Rs. 3700-5700 w.e.f. 1.1.1986 and Scientist-B has been given lower scale of Rs 3000- 5000."

On the other hand, it has been contended on behalf of the respondents. that on persistent demand of the appellants and other Scientists for giving them better pay-scales than those recommended by the Fourth Pay Commission, the Government introduced University Grants Commission (in short 'UGC') pay package for them. The designations of Scientists on various grounds have been suitably amended so as to conform to their respective level of responsibility. In the UGC revised scales, there is no single/uniform revised scale for servicing S-2 and S- 3 Scientists. However there is provision for specific placement of Scientists S-2 and S-3 in the UGC scales by virtue of their length of service as on 31.12.1985. Thus, as per the scheme concurred in by the Ministry of Finance, Scientist S-2 having less than 8 years of service as on 31.12.1985 have been placed in the revised scale of Rs. 3000-5000, whereas those having more than 8 years Of prescribed service as on 31.12.1985 have been placed in the scale of Rs. 3700-5700. Similarly, in case of S-3 Scientists, the period of service as on 31.12.1985 has been taken as 16 years and as such those having more than 16 years of service as on 31.12.1985 have been put in the scale of Rs. 4500- 7300 and those upto 16 years have been placed in the scale of Rs. 3700-5700. Thus, prescribing the aforesaid pay-scales on the pattern of UGC as per the demand of the Scientists themselves, the above fixation of pay scales is perfectly valid and proper. It has been further submitted that injustice done to some of the incumbents in introducing a new scheme cannot be a reason for setting aside the whole scheme. It has been further submitted that they have formulated model recruitment rules on the pattern of UGC. Some difficulties have been experienced while prescribing the experience of 3, 5, 6 years as Principal Scientists for recruitment to the higher posts. Efforts are being made to devise means by which the affected Scientists may be able to take their chance for appointment to higher management positions. We have considered the arguments advanced by learned counsel for both the parties and have thoroughly perused the record. It is no doubt correct that while introducing a new scheme of pay-scales and fixing new grades of posts, some of the incumbents may have to put to less advantageous position than others, but at the same time the granting of new pay- scales cannot be allowed to act arbitrarily and cannot create a situation in which the juniors may become senior of vice-versa. Admittedly, the Scientists working in the ICAR had made a grievance for the revision of their pay-scales and the Government being satisfied with their grievances had appointed various expert Committees such as, M.V. Rao Committee, N.G.P. Rao Committee, Menon Committee and G.V.R. Rao Committee for improvement of service conditions of the Scientists working in the ICAR. Government had notified a set of pay-scales for the Universities in 1988 known as 'UGC Scales. M.V. Rao Committee which was set up by the Government to go into the pay-scales of ARS Scientists had recommended the application of the UGC Scales to the ARS Scientists. So far as the recommendations of the aforementioned expert Committees are concerned, learned counsel for the appellants pointed out that none of the recommendations made by such Committees laid down any criteria of 8 years or 16 years of service for giving higher pay-scales in the case of incumbents holding the same S-2 or S-3 grade in the ICAR. The respondents in their counter affidavit have admitted that S-1, S-2 and S-3 are equivalent to that of Lecturer, Reader and Professor respectively. Dr. M.V.Rao Committee after considering the facts that the ICAR has the role of UGC in agricultural education recommended that the ICAR being an apex organisation in the country for agricultural education, research and extension should have the pay-scales at least at par with the State Agricultural Universities. Dr. M.V. Rao Committee's recommendations were accepted by the Central Government and a policy decision was taken on 13.10.1988 to the effect that UGC package may be extended to ICAR Scientists engaged in teaching, research and extension. It may be further noted that prior to the impugned notification dated 9.3.1989, there were four grades of Scientists namely, Scientist-S, S-1, S-2 and S-3 apart from other higher grades with which we are not presently concerned. So far as the lowest grade of Scientist is concerned which has been named as Experimental Scientist in the impugned notification is a dying cadre. Now, so far as 8 Scientist S-1 is concerned, he has been given the revised pay-scale of Rs.2200-4000 and there is no controversy about it. The controversy is about Scientists S-2 and S-3. All Scientists S-2 were in the same pay-scale of Rs. 1100-1600 prior to the introduction of the revised pay-scales by the impugned notification dated 9.3.1989. By the impugned notification, post of Scientist S-2 has been bifurcated in two grades as Scientist (Senior Scale) in the pay-scale of Rs. 3000-5000 and Scientist (Selection Grade) in the pay- scale of Rs. 3700-5700. Similarly, in the case of Scientist S-3 which had a common pay-scale of Rs. 1500-2000 has now been bifurcated as Scientist (Selection Grade) in the pay- scale of Rs. 3700-5700 and Principal Scientist in the pay- scale of Rs. 4500-7300. The basis for giving higher pay- scales has been taken as period of total service in ARS as 8 years in the case of Scientist S-2 and 16 years in the case of Scientist S-3. It would have been correct in case the recruitment to such posts of S-2 and S-3 had been made purely on the basis of seniority and length of service in ARS. But the admitted position is that such posts of Scientists S-2 and S-3 were also filled by direct recruitment from public as well as by merit-cum-seniority from amongst the members of the Agricultural Research Service. Thus, the anomalous situation created is amply illustrated by the examples of Dr. G.C. Sharma and Dr. Sheo Raj in the case of S-3 and the case of Ms. Pratibha Shukla and Shri B.S. Modi in the case of Scientist S-2. Dr. Sheo Raj came to be appointed as a Scientist S-3 on 6.12.1979 while Dr. G.C. Sharma came to be appointed as Scientist S-3 as late as on 1.1.1985. Admittedly, on 31.12.1985 both were in the scale of Rs. 1500-2000. Now, on the basis of the impugned notification Dr. G.C. Sharma gets the pay-scale of Rs. 4500-7300 as Principal Scientist while Dr. Sheo Raj is fixed in the pay-scale of Rs. 3700-5700 as Scientist (Selection Grade). Similar is the case of Shri B.S. Modi and Ms. Pratibha Shukla in S-2.

Shri Arun Jaitley Leaned senior counsel appearing for the ICAR which tried hard but in vain to justify such disparity which is totally arbitrary and unreasonable. It does not stand to reason that Dr. Sheo Raj having been appointed as Scientist S-3 on merit as back as on 6.12.1979 is fixed in the new pay-scale of Rs. 3700-5700 while Dr. G.C. Sharma who became Scientist S-3 as late as on 1.1.1985 is fixed in the pay-scale of Rs. 4500-7300. Similarly, in the case of the incumbents on the post of Scientist S-2 Shri N.S. Modi having appointed by direct recruitment on 22.7.1975 has been fixed in the new pay-scale of Rs. 3000- 5000 as Scientist (Senior Scale) while Ms. Pratibha Shukla who came to be appointed as Scieutist S-2 on 1.7.1985 has been fixed in the revised pay-scale of Rs. 2700-5700 as Scientist (Selection Grade). In our view, the appellants are justified in their submission that they were also entitled to the higher pay-scale on the post of Scientist S-2 as well as S-3 specially when they were recruited on these posts much earlier to those who have now become entitled to higher pay-scales under the impugned notification. They are also right in their submission that it also mars their future chances of promotion on the higher posts. The following observations made by the Tribunal itself shows the justification of the demand made by the appellants :-

"The respondents have admitted in

their counter affidavit that

certain anomalies have been created

by the new scheme and that they are

trying to rectify the same. They

have issued orders allowing

directly recruited S-2 and S-3

Scientists certain wetihtage for a

period of service rendered by them

for placement in the higher scale

as on 1.1.1986. They have also

stated that they are devising means

by which the affected Scientists

may be able to take their chance

for appointment to higher

management positions

........................... In the

instant case, by applying the

principle of length of service in

the ARS irrespective of the grades

in which the officers were hitherto

working a large number of erstwhile

seniors will be rendered juniors

and they will now be entitled to

only lower pay scales than their

erstwhile juniors. This would also

adversely affect their eligibility

for promotion from 1.1.1986. In

case they were eligible to be

considered for promotion to the

next higher grade under the old

dispensation, it will be unjust and

inequitable to render them

ineligible for such promotion

against the existing vacancies

proposed to be filled up. It is,

however, for the respondents to

devise suitable steps, including

grant of one time relaxation and/or

appropriate weightage to the

applicants and those similarly

situated, so as to make them

eligible to appear before the

Selection Board for the various

posts already advertised."

It may be noted that the Tribunal itself had found force and justification in the grievances made by the appellants and had granted 6 month's time to the respondents to take appropriate action.

We had also granted opportunities to the respondents to come with a scheme granting appropriate relief to the appellants in the facts and circumstances of the case, but till the matter was finally heard by us, the respondents were unable to come out with any concrete proposal or scheme redressing the grievances of the appellants. The appellants are Scientists who are rendering great service to the nation and we find no justification as to why the appellants or any other Scientists in ICAR placed in similar position like the appellants should be deprived the benefit of the revised pay-scales on the higher post of S-2 or S-3, in case they were appointed by direct recruitment or by selection on merit-cum-seniority on the post of Scientist S-2 or S-3 prior to those who have now become entitled to higher pay- scale under the impugned notification dated 9.3.1989. We, therefore, allow this appeal and direct the respondents to issue appropriate orders so that any of the appellants or the like working as Scientist S-2 or S-3 on or before 31.12.1985 earlier to anyone of the Scientists getting benefit of the revised pay-scales under the impugned notification dated 9.3.1989 also get a similar benefit of revised pay-scale of Rs.4500-7300 in the case of S-3 and pay-scale of Rs.3700-5700 in the case of S-2. Such revised pay-scales shall be given from 1.1.]986 as given to S-2 and S-3 Scientists under the impugned notification. The respondents are directed to take suitable action in this regard and to pay the entire amount within six months from the date of this order. In the facts and circumstances of the case, we pass no order as to costs. N.V.K. Appeal allowed.