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Cites 2 docs
Article 374(4) in The Constitution Of India 1949
The Code Of Civil Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2002
Citedby 15 docs - [View All]
Johri Singh vs Sukh Pal Singh & Ors on 4 September, 1989
Bhim Singh vs Smt. Mamo And Ors. on 20 August, 2001
Dr. Ram Kumar vs Mahadeo Lal And Anr. on 22 March, 1961
Shivashankar Dayal vs Smt. Shanti Devi on 16 December, 1971
Narayan Chandra Nag And Ors. vs Dinatarini Debi And Anr. on 8 July, 1960

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Supreme Court of India
Naguba Appa vs Namdev on 20 November, 1950
Equivalent citations: AIR 1954 SC 50
Author: Mahajan
Bench: Mahajan, R Naik, K Siddiqi

JUDGMENT

Mahajan, J.

1. A decree for pre-emption of the property in suit was passed in favour of the plaintiff and he was ordered to deposit the sale price within two months from the date of the decree. An appeal was taken against this decision but it was withdrawn. The pre-emption money was not deposited within the time fixed in the decree. The preemptor made an application to the court for making the deposit without disclosing that the time fixed by the decree had elapsed. The application was allowed. The defendant, when apprised of the situation, made an application to the court to the effect that the plaintiff's, suit stood dismissed owing to his failure in making the deposit in time and that he was not entitled to execute the decree. The trial Judge held that the pre-emption money not having been paid within the time fixed in the decree the suit stood dismissed. On appeal this decision was set aside but on second appeal it was restored and it was held that the suit stood dismissed under Order 20, Rule 14, Civil Procedure Code. Against this decision an appeal was preferred to the Judicial Committee of the State and it is now before us under Article 374(4) of the Constitution.

2. It was contended on behalf of the appellant that the decision of the High Court was wrong inasmuch as an appeal having been preferred from the trial court's decree in the pre-emption suit, the preemptor was justified in not depositing the amount within the time fixed by the decree. This argument cannot be sustained. Mere filing of an appeal does not suspend the decree of the trial Judge and unless that decree is altered in any manner by the court of appeal, the preemptor is bound to comply with its directions. In our opinion, the High Court was right in holding that the preemptor's suit stood dismissed by reason of his default in not depositing the pre-emption price within the time fixed in the trial Court's decree. It was next contended that the decree drawn up by the trial Judge was not in accordance with the provisions of Order 20 Rule 14 in that it contained no direction to the effect that if the deposit was not made within the time fixed the suit will stand dismissed. In our view, this contention is not sound because the dismissal of the suit is as a result of the mandatory provisions of Order 20 Rule 14 and not by reason of any decision of the Court and the omission to incorporate this direction in the decree could not in any way affect the rights of the parties.

3. The result therefore is that this appeal fails and is dismissed with costs.