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Central Government Act
The National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions Act, 2004
The National Commission For Minority Educational Institutions ACT, 2004

1. Short title, extent and commencement.—
(1) This Act may be called the National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions Act, 2004.
(2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
(3) It shall be deemed to have come into force on the 11th day of November, 2004.
2 Definitions. —In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—
(a) “affiliation” together with its grammatical variations, includes, in relation to a college, recognition of such college by, association of such college with, and admission of such college to the privileges of, a 1 [***] University;
2 [(aa) “appropriate Government” means,—
(i) in relation to an educational institution recognised for conducting its programmes of studies under any Act of Parliament, the Central Government; and
(ii) in relation to any other educational institution recognised for conducting its programmes of studies under any State Act, a State Government in whose jurisdiction such institution is established;] 3 [***]
(c) “Commission” means the National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions constituted under section 3;
2 [(ca) “Competent authority” means the authority appointed by the appropriate Government to grant no objection certificate for the establishment of any educational institution of their choice by the minorities;]
(d) “degree” means any such degree as may, with previous approval of the Central Government, be specified in this behalf by the University Grants Commission, by notification in the Official Gazette;
4 [(da) “educational rights of minorities” means the rights of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice;]
(e) “Member” means a member of the Commission and includes the Chairperson;
(f) “minority”, for the purpose of this Act, means a community notified as such by the Central Government;
5 [(g) “Minority Educational Institution” means a college or an educational institution established and administered by a minority or minorities;]
(h) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
(i) “qualification” means a degree or any other qualification awarded by a University;
(j) 6 [***]
(k) “technical education” has the meaning assigned to it in clause (g) of section 2 of the All India Council for Technical Education Act, 1987 (52 of 1987);
(l) “University” means a university defined under clause (f) of section 2 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956 (3 of 1956), and includes an institution deemed to be a University under section 3 of that Act, or an institution specifically empowered by an Act of Parliament to confer or grant degrees.
3 Constitution of National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions. —
(1) The Central Government shall, by notification in the Official Gazette, constitute a body to be known as the National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions to exercise the powers conferred on, and to perform the functions assigned to, it under this Act.
(2) The Commission shall consist of a Chairperson and 7 [three members] to be nominated by the Central Government.
4. Qualifications for appointment as Chairperson or other Member.—
(1) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as the Chairperson unless he,—
(a) is a member of a minority community; and
(b) has been a Judge of a High Court.
(2) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as a Member unless he,—
(a) is a member of a minority community; and
(b) is a person of eminence, ability and integrity.
5. Term of office and conditions of service of Chairperson and Members.—
(1) Every Member shall hold office for a term of five years from the date on which he assumes office.
(2) A Member may, by writing under his hand addressed to the Central Government, resign from the office of Chairperson or, as the case may be, of Member at any time.
(3) The Central Government shall remove a person from the office of Member if that person—
(a) becomes an undischarged insolvent;
(b) is convicted and sentenced to imprisonment for an offence which, in the opinion of the Central Government, involves moral turpitude;
(c) becomes of unsound mind and stands so declared by a competent court;
(d) refuses to act or becomes incapable of acting;
(e) is, without obtaining leave of absence from the Commission, absent from three consecutive meetings of the Commission; or
(f) in the opinion of the Central Government, has so abused the position of Chairperson or Member as to render that person’s continuance in office detrimental to the public interest: Provided that no person shall be removed under this clause until that person has been given an opportunity of being heard in the matter.
(4) A vacancy caused under sub-section (2) or otherwise shall be filled by fresh nomination and a person so nominated shall hold office for the unexpired period of the term for which his predecessor in office would have held office if such vacancy had not arisen.
(5) The salaries and allowances payable to, and the other terms and conditions of service of, the Chairperson and Members shall be such as may be prescribed.
6. Officers and other employees of Commission.—
(1) The Central Government shall provide the Commission with a Secretary and such other officers and employees as may be necessary for the efficient performance of the functions of the Commission under this Act.
(2) The salaries and allowances payable to, and other terms and conditions of service of, the Secretary, officers and other employees appointed for the purpose of the Commission shall be such as may be prescribed.
7. Salaries and allowances to be paid out of grants.—The salaries and allowances payable to the Chairperson and Members and the administrative expenses, including salaries, allowances and pensions payable to the Secretary, officers and other employees referred to in section 6, shall be paid out of the grants referred to in sub-section
(1) of section 14.
8. Vacancies, etc., not to invalidate proceedings of Commission.—No act or proceeding of the Commission shall be questioned or shall be invalid on the ground merely of the existence of any vacancy or defect in the constitution of the Commission.
9. Procedure to be regulated by Commission.—
(1) The Commission shall meet as and when necessary at such time and place as the Chairperson may think fit.
(2) The Commission shall regulate its own procedure.
(3) All orders and decisions of the Commission shall be authenticated by the Secretary or any other officer of the Commission duly authorised by the Secretary in this behalf.
8 [ 10 Right to establish a Minority Educational Institution. — 9 [
(1) Subject to the provisions contained in any other law for the time being in force, any person, who desires to establish a Minority Educational Institution may apply to the competent authority for the grant of no objection certificate for the said purpose.]
(2) The Competent authority shall,—
(a) on perusal of documents, affidavits or other evidence, if any; and
(b) after giving an opportunity of being heard to the applicant, decide every application filed under sub-section (1) as expeditiously as possible and grant or reject the application, as the case may be:
Provided that where an application is rejected, the Competent authority shall communicate the same to the applicant.
(3) Where within a period of ninety days from the receipt of the application under sub-section (1) for the grant of no objection certificate,—
(a) the Competent authority does not grant such certificate; or
(b) where an application has been rejected and the same has not been communicated to the person who has applied for the grant of such certificate, it shall be deemed that the Competent authority has granted a no objection certificate to the applicant.
(4) The applicant shall, on the grant of a no objection certificate or where the Competent authority has deemed to have granted the no objection certificate, be entitled to commence and proceed with the establishment of a Minority Educational Institution in accordance with the rules and regulations, as the case may be, laid down by or under any law for the time being in force. Explanation. —For the purpose of this section,—
(a) “applicant” means any person who makes an application under sub-section (1) for establishment of a Minority Educational Institution;
(b) “no objection certificate” means a certificate stating therein, that the Competent authority has no objection for the establishment of a Minority Educational Institution. ]
10A Right of a Minority Educational Institution to seek affiliation. —
(1) A Minority Educational Institution may seek affiliation to any University of its choice subject to such affiliation being permissible within the Act under which the said University is established.
(2) Any person who is authorised in this behalf by the Minority Educational Institution, may file an application for affiliation under sub-section (1) to a University in the manner prescribed by the Statute, Ordinance, rules or regulations, of the University: Provided that such authorised person shall have right to know the status of such application after the expiry of sixty days from the date of filing of such application.]
11 Functions of Commission: —Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, the Commission shall—
(a) advise the Central Government or any State Government on any question relating to the education of minorities that may be referred to it;
11 [(b) enquire, suo motu, or on a petition presented to it by any Minority Educational Institution, or any person on its behalf into complaints regarding deprivation or violation of rights of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice and any dispute relating to affiliation to a University and report its finding to the appropriate Government for its implementation;
(c) intervene in any proceeding involving any deprivation or violation of the educational rights of the minorities before a court with the leave of such court;
(d) review the safeguards provided by or under the Constitution, or any law for the time being in force, for the protection of educational rights of the minorities and recommend measures for their effective implementation;
(e) specify measures to promote and preserve the minority status and character of institutions of their choice established by minorities;
(f) decide all questions relating to the status of any institution as a Minority Educational Institution and declare its status as such;
(g) make recommendations to the appropriate Government for the effective, implementation of programmes and schemes relating to the Minority Educational Institutions; and
(h) do such other acts and things as may be necessary, incidental or conducive to the attainment of all or any of the objects of the Commission.]
“(b) look into specific complaints regarding deprivation or violation of rights of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice and any dispute relating affiliation to a Scheduled University and report its findings to the Central Government for its implementation; and
(c) to do such other acts and things as may be necessary, incidental or conducive to the attainment of all or any of the objects of the Commission”.
12. Powers of Commission.—
(1) If any dispute arises between a minority educational institution and a 12 [***] University relating to its affiliation to such University, the decision of the Commission thereon shall be final.
(2) The Commission shall, for the purposes of discharging its functions under this Act, have all the powers of a civil court trying a suit and in particular, in respect of the following matters, namely:—
(a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person from any part of India and examining him on oath;
(b) requiring the discovery and production of any document;
(c) receiving evidence on affidavits;
(d) subject to the provisions of sections 123 and 124 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (1 of 1872), requisitioning any public record or document or copy of such record or document from any office;
(e) issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents; and
(f) any other matter which may be prescribed.
13 [(3) Every proceeding before the Commission shall be deemed to be a judicial proceeding within the meaning of sections 193 and 228, and for the purposes of section 196, of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) and the Commission shall be deemed to be a civil court for the purposes of section 195 and Chapter XXVI of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974).]
14 [ 12A Appeal against orders of the Competent authority: —
(1) Any person aggrieved by the order of refusal to grant no objection certificate under sub-section (2) of section 10 by the Competent authority for establishing a Minority Educational Institution, may prefer an appeal against such order to the Commission.
(2) An appeal under sub-section (1) shall be filed within thirty days from the date of the order referred to in sub-section (1) communicated to the applicant: Provided that the Commission may entertain an appeal after the expiry of the said period of thirty days, if it is satisfied that there was sufficient cause for not filing it within that period.
(3) An appeal to the Commission shall be made in such form as may be prescribed and shall be accompanied by a copy of the order against which the appeal has been filed.
(4) The Commission, after hearing the parties, shall pass an order as soon as may be practicable, and give such directions as may be necessary or expedient to give effect to its orders or to prevent abuse of its process or to secure the ends of justice.
(5) An order made by the Commission under sub-section (4) shall be executable by the Commission as a decree of a civil court and the provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908), so far as may be, shall apply as they apply in respect of a decree of a civil court.]
[ 12B Power of Commission to decide on the minority status of an educational institution:-
(1) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992 (19 of 1992), where an authority established by the Central Government or any State Government, as the case may be, for grant of minority status to any educational institution rejects the application for the grant of such status, the aggrieved person may appeal against such order of the authority to the Commission.
(2) An appeal under sub-section (1) shall be preferred within thirty days from the date of the order communicated to the applicant: Provided that the Commission may entertain an appeal after the expiry of the said period of thirty days, if it is satisfied that there was sufficient cause for not filing it within that period.
(3) An appeal to the Commission shall be made in such form as may be prescribed and shall be accompanied by a copy of the order against which the appeal has been filed.
(4) On receipt of the appeal under sub-section (3), the Commission may, after giving the parties to the appeal an opportunity of being heard, and in consultation with the State Government, decide on the minority status of the educational institution and shall proceed to give such directions as it may deem fit and, all such directions shall be binding on the parties. Explanation. —For the purposes of this section and section 12C, “authority” means any authority or officer or commission which is established under any law for the time being in force or under any order of the appropriate Government, for the purpose of granting a certificate of minority status to an educational institution.]
16 [ 12B Power of Commission to decide on the minority status of an educational institution. —
(1) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992 (19 of 1992), where an authority established by the Central Government or any State Government, as the case may be, for grant of minority status to any educational institution rejects the application for the grant of such status, the aggrieved person may appeal against such order of the authority to the Commission.
(2) An appeal under sub-section (1) shall be preferred within thirty days from the date of the order communicated to the applicant: Provided that the Commission may entertain an appeal after the expiry of the said period of thirty days, if it is satisfied that there was sufficient cause for not filing it within that period.
(3) An appeal to the Commission shall be made in such form as may be prescribed and shall be accompanied by a copy of the order against which the appeal has been filed.
(4) On receipt of the appeal under sub-section (3), the Commission may, after giving the parties to the appeal an opportunity of being heard, 17 [***] decide on the minority status of the educational institution and shall proceed to give such directions as it may deem fit and, all such directions shall be binding on the parties. Explanation. —For the purposes of this section and section 12C, “authority” means any authority or officer or commission which is established under any law for the time being in force or under any order of the appropriate Government, for the purpose of granting a certificate of minority status to an educational institution.]
18 [ 12C Power to cancel:- The Commission may, after giving a reasonable opportunity of being heard to a Minority Educational Institution to which minority status has been granted by an authority or Commission, as the case may be, cancel such status under the following circumstances, namely:—
(a) if the constitution, aims and objects of the educational institution, which has enabled it to obtain minority status has subsequently been amended in such a way that it no longer reflects the purpose, or character of a Minority Educational Institution;
(b) if, on verification of the records during the inspection or investigation, it is found that the Minority Educational Institution has failed to admit students belonging to the minority community in the institution as per rules and prescribed percentage governing admissions during any academic year.]
19 [ 12D Power of Commission to investigate matters relating to deprivation of educational rights of minorities:-
(1) The Commission shall have the power to investigate into the complaints relating to deprivation of the educational rights of minorities.
(2) The Commission may, for the purpose of conducting any investigation pertaining to a complaint under this Act, utilise the services of any officer of the Central Government or any State Government with the concurrence of the Central Government or the State Government, as the case may be.
(3) For the purpose of investigation under sub-section (1), the officer whose services are utilised may, subject to the direction and control of the Commission,—
(a) summon and enforce the attendance of any person and examine him;
(b) require the discovery and production of any document; and
(c) requisition any public record or copy thereof from any office.
(4) The officer whose services are utilised under sub-section (2) shall investigate into any matter entrusted to it by the Commission and submit a report thereon to it within such period as may be specified by the Commission in this behalf.
(5) The Commission shall satisfy itself about the correctness of the facts stated and the conclusion, if any, arrived at in the report submitted to it under sub-section (4) and for this purpose the Commission may make such further inquiry as it may think fit.]
20 [ 12E Power of Commission to call for information, etc: -
(1) The Commission, while enquiring into the complaints of violation or deprivation of educational rights of minorities shall call for information or report from the Central Government or any State Government or any other authority or organisation subordinate thereto, within such time as may be specified by it: Provided that,—
(a) if the information or report is not received within the time stipulated by the Commission, it may proceed to inquire into the complaint;
(b) if, on receipt of information or report, the Commission is satisfied either that no further inquiry is required, or that the required action has been initiated or taken by the concerned Government or authority, it may not proceed with the complaint and inform the complainant accordingly.
(2) Where the inquiry establishes violation or deprivation of the educational rights of the minorities by a public servant, the Commission may recommend to the concerned Government or authority, the initiation of disciplinary proceedings or such other action against the concerned person or persons as may be deemed fit.
(3) The Commission shall send a copy of the inquiry report, together with its recommendations to the concerned Government or authority and the concerned Government or authority shall, within a period of one month, or such further time as the Commission may allow, forward its comments on the report, including the action taken, or proposed to be taken thereon, to the Commission.
(4) The Commission shall publish its inquiry report and the action taken or proposed to be taken by the concerned Government or authority on the recommendations of the Commission.]
13. Financial and administrative powers of Chairperson.—The Chairperson shall exercise such financial and administrative powers as may be vested in him by the rules made under this section: Provided that the Chairperson shall have authority to delegate such of the financial and administrative powers as he may thinks fit to any Member or Secretary or any other officer of the Commission subject to the condition that such Member or Secretary or officer shall, while exercising such delegated powers, continue to act under the direction, control and supervision of the Chairperson.
14. Grants by Central Government.—
(1) The Central Government shall, after due appropriation made by Parliament by law in this behalf, pay to the Commission by way of grants such sums of money as the Central Government may think fit for being utilised for the purposes of this Act.
(2) The Commission may spend such sums of money as it thinks fit for performing the functions under this Act, and such sums shall be treated as expenditure payable out of the grants referred to in sub-section (1).
15. Accounts and audit.—
(1) The Commission shall maintain proper accounts and other relevant records and prepare an annual statement of accounts in such form as may be prescribed by the Central Government in consultation with the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.
(2) The accounts of the Commission shall be audited by the Comptroller and Auditor-General at such intervals as may be specified by him and any expenditure incurred in connection with such audit shall be payable by the Commission to the Comptroller and Auditor-General.
(3) The Comptroller and Auditor-General and any person appointed by him in connection with the audit of the accounts of the Commission under this Act shall have the same rights and privileges and the authority in connection with such audit as the Comptroller and Auditor-General generally has in connection with the audit of Government accounts and, in particular, shall have the right to demand the production of books, accounts, connected vouchers and other documents and papers and to inspect any of the offices of the Commission.
16. Annual report.—The Commission shall prepare, in such form and at such time, for each financial year, as may be prescribed, its annual report, giving a full account of its activities during the previous financial year and forward a copy thereof to the Central Government.
17. Annual report and audit report to be laid before Parliament.—The Central Government shall cause the annual report, together with a memorandum of action taken on the advice tendered by the Commission under section 11 and the reasons for the non-acceptance, if any, of any such advice, and the audit report to be laid as soon as may be after they are received before each House of Parliament.
18 22 [***].
19. Chairperson, Members, Secretary, employees, etc., of the Commission to be public servants.—The Chairperson, Members, Secretary, officers and other employees of the Commission shall be deemed to be public servants within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).
20. Directions by Central Government.—
(1) In the discharge of its functions under this Act, the Commission shall be guided by such direction on questions of policy relating to national purposes, as may be given to it by the Central Government.
(2) If any dispute arises between the Central Government and the Commission as to whether a question is or is not a question of policy relating to national purposes, the decision of the Central Government shall be final.
21. Protection of action taken in good faith.—No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against the Central Government, Commission, Chairperson, Members, Secretary or any officer or other employee of the Commission for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done under this Act.
22. Act to have overriding effect.—The provisions of this Act shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any other law for the time being in force or in any instrument having effect by virtue of any law other than this Act.
23. Returns or information.—The Commission shall furnish to the Central Government such returns or other information with respect to its activities as the Central Government may, from time to time, require.
24 Power to make rules: -
(1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules for carrying out the provisions of this Act.
(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing powers, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:—
(a) the salaries and allowances payable to, and the other terms and conditions of the service of, the Chairperson and Members under sub-section (5) of section 5 and of the Secretary, officers and other employees under sub-section (2) of section 6;
23 [(aa) the forms in which appeal under sub-section (3) of section 12A and sub-section (3) of section 12B shall be made;]
(b) the financial and administrative powers to be exercised by the Chairperson under section 13;
(c) the form in which the annual statement of accounts shall be prepared under sub-section (1) of section 15;
(d) the form in, and the time at, which the annual report shall be prepared under section 16;
(e) any other matter which is required to be, or may be, prescribed.
(3) Every rule made under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.
25. Power to remove difficulties.—
(1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government may, by order published in the Official Gazette, make such provisions not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as appear to it to be necessary or expedient, for removing the difficulty: Provided that no such order shall be made after the expiry of a period of two years from the date of commencement of this Act.
(2) Every order made under this section shall, as soon as may be after it is made, be laid before each House of Parliament.
26. Repeal and saving.—
(1) The National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions Ordinance, 2004 (Ord. 6 of 2004) is hereby repealed.
(2) Notwithstanding the repeal of the said Ordinance, anything done or any action taken under the said Ordinance shall be deemed to have been done or taken under the corresponding provisions of this Act.
THE NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR MINORITY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS ACT, 2004 The Schedule 1[***] ---------- 1. The Schedule omitted by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 9 (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006); before omission, the Schedule stood as under: “The Schedule [See section 2(j)] Sl. No. Name of the University 1. University of Delhi. 2. North-Eastern Hill University. 3. Puducherry University. 4. Assam University. 5. Nagaland University. 6. Mizoram University.” “
1. The word “Scheduled” omitted by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 2 (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006).
2. Ins. by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 2 (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006).
3. Clause (b) omitted by Act 20 of 2010, sec. 2(i). Clause (b), before omission, stood as under:
4. Ins. by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 2 (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006).
5. Subs. by Act 20 of 2010, sec. 2(ii), for clause (g). Clause (g), before substitution, stood as under:
6. Clause (j) omitted by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 2 (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006). Clause (j), before omission, stood as under:
7. Subs. by Act 20 of 2010, sec. 3 for “two members”.
8. Subs. by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 3, for Chapter III (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006).
9. Subs. by Act 20 of 2010, sec. 4, for sub-section (1). Sub-section (1), before substitution, stood as under:
10. sections 10A subs. by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 3 (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006 ).
11. Subs. by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 4, for clauses (b) and (c) (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006). Clauses (b) and (c), before substitution, stood as under:
12. The word “Scheduled” omitted by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 5 (w.e.f. 23-1-2006).
13. Ins. by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 5 (w.e.f. 23-1-2006).
14. Ins. by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 6 (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006).
15. Ins. by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 6 (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006).
16. Ins. by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 6 (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006).
17. The words “and in consultation with the State Government” omitted by Act 20 of 2010, sec. 5.
18. Ins. by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 6 (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006).
19. Ins. by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 6 (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006).
20. Ins. by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 6 (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006).
21. Ins. by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 6 (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006).
22. Section 18 omitted by Ac of 2006, sec. 7 (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006). Section 18, before omission, stood as under:
23. Ins. by Act 18 of 2006, sec. 8 (w.r.e.f. 23-1-2006)