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Behram Khurshed Pesikaka vs The State Of Bombay.Reference ... on 19 February, 1954
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Pandit Ukha Kolhe vs The State Of Maharashtra on 11 February, 1963

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Central Government Act
the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961
The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961

1. Short title, extent and commencement.—
(1) This Act may be called the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961. tc "1. Short title, extent and commencement.—(1) This Act may be called the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961."
(2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. tc "(2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir."
(3) It shall come into force on such date1 as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint. tc "(3) It shall come into force on such date2 as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint."
2 Definition of ‘dowry'. —In this Act, “dowry” means any property or valuable security given or agreed to be given either directly or indirectly—
(a) by one party to a marriage to the other party to the marriage; or
(b) by the parent of either party to a marriage or by any other person, to either party to the marriage or to any other person,
at or before 1 [or any time after the marriage] 2 [in connection with the marriage of the said parties, but does not include] dower or mahr in the case of persons to whom the Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) applies. 3 [***] Explanation II.— The expression “valuable security” has the same meaning as in section 30 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).
3. Penalty for giving or taking dowry.—1[
1[4. Penalty for demanding dowry.—If any person demands, directly or indirectly, from the parents or other relatives or guardian of a bride or bridegroom, as the case may be, any dowry, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months, but which may extend to two years and with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees: tc "2[4. Penalty for demanding dowry.—If any person demands, directly or indirectly, from the parents or other relatives or guardian of a bride or bridegroom, as the case may be, any dowry, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months, but which may extend to two years and with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees\:" Provided that the court may, for adequate and special reasons to be mentioned in the judgment, impose a sentence of imprisonment for a term of less than six months.] tc "Provided that the court may, for adequate and special reasons to be mentioned in the judgment, impose a sentence of imprisonment for a term of less than six months.]"
5. Agreement for giving or taking dowry to be void.—Any agreement for the giving or taking of dowry shall be void. tc "5. Agreement for giving or taking dowry to be void.—Any agreement for the giving or taking of dowry shall be void."
6. Dowry to be for the benefit of the wife or her heirs.—
(1) Where any dowry is received by any person other than the woman in connection with whose marriage it is given, that person shall transfer it to the woman— tc "6. Dowry to be for the benefit of the wife or her heirs.—(1) Where any dowry is received by any person other than the woman in connection with whose marriage it is given, that person shall transfer it to the woman—"
(a) if the dowry was received before marriage, within 1[three months] after the date of marriage; or tc" (a) if the dowry was received before marriage, within 2[three months] after the date of marriage; or"
(b) if the dowry was received at the time of or after the marriage, within 1[three months] after the date of its receipt; or
(3) Where the woman entitled to any property under sub-section (1) dies before receiving it, the heirs of the woman shall be entitled to claim it from the person holding it for the time being: tc "(3) Where the woman entitled to any property under sub-section (1) dies before receiving it, the heirs of the woman shall be entitled to claim it from the person holding it for the time being\:" 3[Provided that where such woman dies within seven years of her marriage, otherwise than due to natural causes, such property shall,— tc "2[Provided that where such woman dies within seven years of her marriage, otherwise than due to natural causes, such property shall,—"
(4) Nothing contained in this section shall affect the provisions of section 3 or section 4. tc "(4) Nothing contained in this section shall affect the provisions of section 3 or section 4."
1[7. Cognizance of offences.—
1[8. Offences to be cognizable for certain purposes and to be 2[non-bailable] and non-compoundable.—
9. Power to make rules.—
(1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Act. tc "9. Power to make rules.—(1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Act." 1[(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for— tc "3[(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for—"
1[10. Power of State Government to make rules.—
1. Subs. by Act 43 of 1986, sec. 2, for “or after the marriage” (w.e.f. 19-11-1986 ).
2. Subs. by Act 63 of 1984, sec. 2, for certain words (w.e.f. 2-10-1985 ).
3. Explanation I omitted by Act 63 of 1984, sec. 2 (w.e.f. 2-10-1985 ).
4. Subs. by Act 63 of 1984, sec. 3, for certain words (w.e.f. 2-10-1985).
5. Subs. by Act 43 of 1986, sec. 3, for certain words (w.e.f. 19-11-1986).
6. Subs. by Act 43 of 1986, sec. 3, for “six months” (w.e.f. 19-11-1986).
7. Subs. by Act 63 of 1984, sec. 5, for sub-section (2) (w.e.f. 2-10-1985).
8. Ins. by Act 43 of 1986, sec. 5 (w.e.f. 19-11-1986).
9. Subs. by Act 43 of 1986, sec. 5, for certain words (w.e.f. 19-11-1986).
10. Ins. by Act 43 of 1986, sec. 6 (w.e.f. 19-11-1986). tc" 2. Ins. by Act 43 of 1986, sec. 6 (w.e.f. 19-11-1986)."
11. Subs. by Act 43 of 1986, sec. 7, for "bailable" (w.e.f. 19-11-1986).
12. Subs. by Act 43 of 1986, sec. 7, for “bailable” (w.e.f. 19-11-1986).
13. Sub-section (2) renumbered as sub-section (3) thereof by Act 63 of 1984, sec. 8 (w.e.f. 2-10-1985).
14. Subs. by Act 20 of 1983, sec. 2 and Sch., for certain words (w.e.f. 15-3-1984).