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Citedby 53 docs - [View All]
Registrar Of Companies vs Bihar Wire And Wire Products Pvt. ... on 9 April, 1974
T.U. Khatri vs Institute Of Company Secretaries ... on 5 March, 2002
In Re: Malabar Iron And Steel Works ... vs Unknown on 6 December, 1963
The Malabar Iron And Steel Works ... vs The Registrar Of Companies, ... on 2 April, 1963
The Bhor Industries Ltd. vs State Of Gujarat And Ors. on 10 January, 1977

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[Complete Act]
Central Government Act
Section 149 in The Companies Act, 1956
149. Restrictions on commencement of business.
(1) Where a company having a share capital has issued a prospectus inviting the public to subscribe for its shares, the company shall not commence any business or exercise any borrowing powers, unless-
(a) shares held subject to the payment of the whole amount thereof in cash have been allotted to an amount not less in the whole than the minimum subscription;
(b) every director of the company has paid to the company, on each of the shares taken or contracted to be taken by him and for which he is liable to pay in cash, a proportion equal to the proportion payable on application and allotment on the shares offered for public subscription;
(c) no money is, or may become, liable to be repaid to applicants for any shares or debentures which have been offered for public subscription by reason of any failure to apply for, or to obtain, permission for the shares or debentures to be dealt in on any recognized stock exchange; and
(d) there has been filed with the Registrar a duly verified declaration by 1 one of the directors or the secretary or, where the company has not appointed a secretary, a secretary in whole- time practice] in the prescribed form, that clauses (a), (b) and (c) of this sub- section, have been complied with.
(2) Where a company having a share capital has not issued a prospectus inviting the public to subscribe for its shares, the com- pany shall not commence any business or exercise any borrowing powers, unless-
(a) there has been filed with the Registrar a statement in lieu of prospectus;
(b) every director of the company has paid to the company, on each of the shares taken or contracted to be taken by him and for which he is liable to pay in cash, a proportion equal to the proportion payable on application and allotment on the shares payable in cash; and
(c) there has been filed with the Registrar a duly verified declaration by 1 one of the directors or the secretary or, where the company has not appointed a secretary, a secretary in whole- time practice] in the prescribed form, that clause (b) of this sub- section has been complied with.
(2A) 2 Without prejudice to the provisions of sub- section (1) and sub- section (2) a company having a share capital, whether or not it has issued a prospectus inviting the public to subscribe for its shares, shall not at any time commence any business-
(a) if such company is a company in existence immediately before the commencement of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 1965 (31 of 1965 ), in relation to any of the objects stated in its memorandum in pursuance of clause (c) of sub- section (1) of section 13;
(b) if such company is a company formed after such commencement, in relation to any of the objects stated in its memorandum in pursuance of sub- clause (ii) of clause (d) of sub- section (1) of the said section,
1. Subs. by Act 31 of 1988, s. 20 (w. e. f. 15- 6- 1988 ).
2. Ins. by Act 31 of 1965, s. 15 (w. e. f. 15- 10- 1965 ).
unless-
(i) the company has approved of the commencement of any such business by a special resolution passed in that behalf by it in general meeting; and
(ii) there has been filed with the Registrar a duly verified declaration by 1 one of the directors or the secretary or, where the company has not appointed a secretary, a secretary in whole- time practice], in the prescribed form, that clause (i) or as the case may be, sub- section (2B) has been complied with; and if the company commences any such business in contravention of this sub- section, every person who is responsible for the contra- vention shall, without prejudice to any other liability, be punishable with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees for every day during which the contravention continues. Explanation.- A company shall be deemed to commence any business within the meaning of clause (a) if and only if it commences any new business which is not germane to the business which it is carrying on at the commencement of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 1965 (31 of 1965 ), in relation to any of the objects referred to in the said clause.
(2B) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub- section (2A) where no such special resolution as is referred to in that sub- section is passed but the votes cast (whether on a show of hands or, as the case may be, on a poll) in favour of the proposal to commence any business contained in the resolution moved in that general meeting (including the casting vote, if any, of the chairman) by members who, being entitled so to do, vote in person, or where proxies are allowed, by proxy, exceed the votes, if any, cast against the proposal by members so entitled and voting, the Central Government may on an application made to it by the Board of directors in this behalf allow the company to commence such business as if the proposal had been passed by a special resolution by the company in general meeting.]
(3) The Registrar shall, on the filing of a duly verified declaration in accordance with the provisions of sub- section (1) or sub- section (2), as the case may be, and, in the case of a company which is required by sub- section (2) to file a statement in lieu of prospectus, also of' such a statement, certify that the company is entitled to commence business, and that certificate shall be conclusive evidence that the company is so entitled.
(4) Any contract made by a company before the date at which it is entitled to commence business shall be provisional only, and
1. Subs. by Act 31 of 1988, s. 20 (w. e. f. 15- 6- 1988 ).
shall not be binding on the company until that date, and on that date it shall become binding.
(5) Nothing in this section shall prevent the simultaneous offer for subscription or allotment of any shares and debentures or the receipt of any money payable on applications for debentures.
(6) If any company commences business or exercises borrowing powers in contravention of this section, every person who is respon- sible for the contravention shall, without prejudice to any other liability, be punishable with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees for every day during which the contravention continues.
(7) Nothing in this section shall apply to-
(a) a private company; or
(b) a company registered before the first day of April, 1914 , which has not issued a prospectus inviting the public to subscribe for its shares. 1 Registers of members and debenture holders