Main Search Premium Members Advanced Search Disclaimer
Citedby 1 docs
Union Carbide Corporation (Ii) vs Union Of India on 5 April, 1989

User Queries
Try out our Premium Member services: Virtual Legal Assistant, Query Alert Service and an ad-free experience. Free for one month and pay only if you like it.
Supreme Court of India
Union Carbide Corporation vs Union Of India And Others, Etc on 14 February, 1989
Equivalent citations: JT 1989 (1), 296 1989 SCALE (1)380
Author: R Pathak
Bench: Pathak, R.S. (Cj), Venkataramiah, E.S. (J), Misra Rangnath, Venkatachalliah, M.N. (J), Ojha, N.D. (J)
           PETITIONER:
UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION

	Vs.

RESPONDENT:
UNION OF INDIA AND OTHERS, ETC.

DATE OF JUDGMENT14/02/1989

BENCH:
PATHAK, R.S. (CJ)
BENCH:
PATHAK, R.S. (CJ)
VENKATARAMIAH, E.S. (J)
MISRA RANGNATH
VENKATACHALLIAH, M.N. (J)
OJHA, N.D. (J)

CITATION:
 JT 1989 (1)   296	  1989 SCALE  (1)380


ACT:



HEADNOTE:
Having	carefully considered the facts and circumstances  of
the  case, the mass of data placed before it,  the  material
relating to the proceedings in the Courts in the U.S.A., the
offers	and counter-offers made between the parties at	dif-
ferent	stages during the various proceedings,	the  complex
issues of law and fact raised before it and the	 submissions
made  thereon,	and  in particular, the	 enormity  of  human
suffering occasioned by the Bhopal Gas Leak Disaster and the
pressing urgency to provide immediate and substantial relief
to  victims of the disaster, the Court was of  opinion	that
the  case  was	fit for an overall  settlement	between	 the
parties covering all litigations, claims, rights and liabil-
ities  related to and arising out of the Disaster  and	HELD
that  it  was  just, equitable and reasonable  to  order  as
follows:
	      (1) That the Union Carbide Corporation  shall,
	      on  or  before 23.3.1989, pay a  sum  of	U.S.
	      Dollars 470 millions to the Union of India  as
	      claimant and for the benefit of all victims of
	      the Bhopal Gas Leak Disaster under the  Bhopal
	      Gas Leak Disaster (Registration and processing
	      of  claims)  Scheme  1985 and  not  as  fines,
	      penalties or punitive damages, in full settle-
	      ment  of	all claims, rights  and	 liabilities
	      related  to and arising out of the Bhopal	 Gas
	      Leak Disaster; [733F-G]
	      (2) That all civil proceedings related to	 and
	      arising out of the Disaster shall stand trans-
	      ferred to this Court and shall stand concluded
	      in  terms of the settlement, and all  criminal
	      proceedings related to and arising out of	 the
	      disaster shall stand quashed wherever pending;
	      [732F-G]
	      (3) That upon full payment of the sum referred
	      to above:
	      (a) The Union of India and the State of Madhya
	      Pradesh  shall  take all steps  which  may  in
	      future become necessary in order to  implement
	      and  give effect to this order, including	 but
	      not
	       731
	      limited to ensuring, that any suits, claims or
	      civil  or	 criminal complaints  which  may  be
	      filed  in	 future	 against  any	Corporation,
	      Company  or person referred to in the  Settle-
	      ment  are defended by them and disposed of  in
	      terms of this order; [734 A-B]
	      (b) Any such suits, claims or civil or  crimi-
	      nal  proceedings filed or to be  filed  before
	      any court or authority are hereby enjoined and
	      shall not be proceeded with before such  court
	      or authority except for dismissal or  quashing
	      in terms of this order; and [734C]
	      (4) That upon full payment in accordance	with
	      the directions issued by the Court,
	      (a)  The	undertaking given by  Union  Carbide
	      Corporation   pursuant  to  the  order   dated
	      30.11.1986 in the District Court, Bhopal shall
	      stand  discharged,  and all orders  passed  in
	      Suit  No.	 1113  of 1986	and/or	in  revision
	      therefrom shall also stand discharged; [734D]
	      (b) Any action for contempt initiated  against
	      counsel  or parties relating to this case	 and
	      arising out of proceedings in the courts below
	      shall be treated as dropped. [734E]



JUDGMENT:

CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION: Civil Appeal No. 3 18788 of 1988.

From the Judgment and Order dated 4.4.1983 of the Madhya Pradesh High Court in C.R. No. 26 of 1988. AND VICE VERSA (WITH S.L.P. (CIVIL) No. 13080 of 1988). K. Parasaran, Attorney General, F.S. Nariman, Anil B. Divan, B.R. Zaiwala, Gopal Subramaniam, V.P. Sarthi, J.B. Dadachanji, Vijay Gupta, Ms. Anjali K. Verma, Sumeet Kachwa- ha, Ashok Sagar, D.N. Misra, S.C. Sharma, O.C. Mathur, A. Subhashini, S.K. Gambhir, D .S. Shastri and Arun Madan for the appearing parties.

Vibhuri Jha, Anil K. Nauriya, Ms..Aruna Mathur, A. Mariarputham and C.L. Sahu for the Interveners.

732

The following Order of the Court was delivered: ORDER Having given our careful consideration for these several days to the facts and circumstances of the case placed before us by the parties in these proceedings, including the pleadings of the parties, the mass of data placed before us, the material relating to the proceedings in the Courts in the United States of America, the offers and counter-offers made between the parties at different stages during the various proceedings, as well as the complex issues of law and fact raised before us and the submissions made thereon, and in particular the enormity of human suffering occasioned by the Bhopal Gas disaster and the pressing urgency to provide immediate and substantial relief to victims of the disaster, we are of opinion that the case is pre-eminently fit for an overall settlement between the parties covering all litigations, claims, rights and liabilities related to and arising out of the disaster and we hold it just, equita- ble and reasonable to pass the following order: We order:

(1) The Union Carbide Corporation shall pay a sum of U.S. Dollars 470 millions (Four hundred and seventy Millions) to the Union of India in full settlement of all claims, rights and liabilities related to and arising out of the Bhopal Gas disaster.
(2) The aforesaid sum shall be paid by the Union Carbide Corporation to the Union of India on or before 31 March, 1989. (3) To enable the effectuation of the settlement, all civil proceedings related to and arising out of the Bhopal Gas disaster shall hereby stand transferred to this Court and shall stand concluded in terms of the settlement, and all criminal proceedings related to and arising out of the disaster shall stand quashed wherever these may be pending.

A memorandum of settlement shall be filed before us tomorrow setting forth all the details of the settlement to enable consequential directions, if any, to issue. We may record that we are deeply indebted to learned counsel for the parties for the dedicated assistance and the sincere cooperation 733 they have offered the Court during the hearing of the case and for the manifest reasonableness they have shown in accepting the terms of settlement suggested by this Court. Having heard learned counsel for the parties, and having taken into account the written memorandum filed by them, we make the following order further to our order dated 14 February, 1989 which shall be read with and subject to this order:

1. Union Carbide India Ltd., which is already a party in numerous suits filed in the District Court at Bhopal, and which have been stayed by an order dated 31 December, 1985 of the District Court, Bhopal, is joined as a necessary party in order to effectuate the terms and conditions of our order dated 14 February, 1989 as supplemented by this order.
2. Pursuant to the order passed on 14 Febru-
ary 1989 the payment of the sum of U.S. $ 470 Millions (four Hundred and Seventy millions) directed by the Court to be paid on or before 31 March, 1989 will be made in the manner following:
(a) A sum of U.S. $ 425 Millions (four Hundred and Twenty five Millions) shall be paid on or before 23 March, 1989 by Union Carbide Corporation to the Union of India, less U.S. $ 5 Millions already paid by the Union Carbide Corporation pursuant to the order dated 7 June, 1985 of Judge Keenan in the court proceedings taken in the United States of America.
(b) Union Carbide India Ltd. will pay on or before 23 March, 1989 to the Union of India the rupee equivalent of U.S. $ 45 Millions (forty five Millions) at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of payment.
(c) The aforesaid payments shall be made to the Union of India as claimant and for the benefit of all victims of the Bhopal Gas Disaster under the Bhopal Gas Leak Disaster (Registration and Processing of Claims), Scheme, 1985, and not as fines, penalties, or punitive damages.

3. Upon full payment of the sum referred to in paragraph 2 above:

734
(a) The Union of India and the State of Madhya Pradesh shall take all steps which may in future become necessary in order to imple- ment and give effect to this order including but not limited to ensuring that any suits, claims or civil or criminal complaints which may be filed in future against any Corpora- tion, Company or person referred to in this settlement are defended by them and disposal of in terms of this order.
(b) Any such suits, claims or civil or criminal proceedings filed or to be filed before any court or authority are hereby enjoined and shall not be proceeded with before such court or authority except for dismissal or quashing in terms of this order.

4. Upon full payment in accordance with the Court's direc- tions:

(a) The undertaking given by Union Carbide Corporation pursuant to the order dated 30 November, 1986 in the District Court, Bhopal shall stand discharged, and all order passed in Suit No. 1113 of 1986 and/or in revision therefrom shall also stand discharged.
(b) Any action for contempt initiated against counsel or parties relating to this case and arising out of proceedings in the courts below shall be treated as dropped.

5. The amounts payable to the Union of India under these orders of the Court shall be deposited to the credit of the Registrar of this Court in a Bank under directions to be taken from this Court.

This order will be sufficient authority for the Registrar of the Supreme Court to have the amount transferred to his credit which is lying unutilized with the Indian Red Cross Society pursuant to the direction from the International Red Cross Society.

6. The terms of settlement filed by learned counsel for the parties today are taken on record and shall form part of our order and the record.

The case will be posted for reporting compliance on the first Tuesday of April, 1989.

735

TERMS OF SETTLEMENT CONSEQUENTIAL TO THE DIRECTIONS AND ORDERS PASSED BY THIS HON'BLE COURT

1. The parties acknowledge that the order dated February 14, 1989 as supplemented by the order dated February 15, 1989 disposes of in its entirety all proceedings in Suit No. 1113 of 1986. This settlement shall finally dispose. of all past, present and future claims, causes of action and civil and criminal proceedings (of any nature whatsoever wherever pending) by all Indian citizens and all public and private entities with respect to all past, present and future deaths, personal injuries, health effects, compensation, losses, damages and civil and criminal complaints of any nature whatsoever against UCC, Union Carbide India Limited, Union Carbide Eastern, and all of their subsidiaries and affiliates as well as each of their present and former directors, officers, employees, agents representatives, attorneys advocates and solicitors arising out of, relating to or connected with the Bhopal gas leak disaster, including past, present and future claims, causes of action and pro- ceedings against each other. All such claims and causes of action whether within or outside India of Indian citizens, public or private entities are hereby extinguished, includ- ing without limitation each of the claims filed or to be filed under the Bhopal Gas Leak Disaster (Registration and Processing of Claims) Scheme 1985, and all such civil pro- ceedings in India are hereby transferred to this court and are dismissed with prejudice, and all such criminal proceed- ings including contempt proceedings stand quashed and ac- cused deemed to be acquitted.

2. Upon full payment in accordance with the Court's directions the undertaking given by UCC pursuant to the order dated November 30, 1986 in the District Court, Bhopal stands discharged, and all orders passed in Suit No. 1113 of 1986 and or in any Revision therefrom, also stand dis- charged.

Sd/- J.B. Dadachanji Sd/- A. Subhashini 15.2.1989 for UCC and UCIL Ltd. Advocate on Record for 15.2. 1989 Union of India.

736